Xanax Definitions

Agoraphobia

Anxiety about or avoidance of places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or in which help may not be available in the event of a panic attack.

Anti-anxiety medications

Anti-anxiety medications help to calm and relax the anxious person and remove the troubling symptoms.

Antidepressants

Some medications that were originally approved for treatment of depression have been found to be effective for anxiety disorders. Antidepressants are also effective for panic attacks and are often prescribed for these conditions. They are also sometimes used for more generalized forms of anxiety, especially when it is accompanied by depression.

Anxiety

Anxiety is a state of uneasiness, apprehension, worry or fear about things that may happen in the future.

Anxiety Disorder

An individual suffering from an anxiety disorder is someone who chronically experiences an uneasiness, apprehension, worry or fear about things that may happen. Anxiety disorders include: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia, and Specific Phobias.

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines belong to the group of medicines called central nervous system depressants, medicines that slow down the nervous system. Some benzodiazepines are used to relieve anxiety.

Depression

Depression is a real and legitimate illness having key symptoms that may include a sad, anxious or empty mood that lasts 2 weeks or more-and a loss of interest or pleasure in things that were once enjoyed (including sex).

Drug interactions

Drug interaction refers to the counterproductive or possibly dangerous effects some drugs can have when you're taking more than one of them.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder in which a person typically has vague feelings that something bad is going to happen. Having excessive or unrealistic worries often are so persistent that the individual cannot make them go away and has difficulty concentrating on daily tasks. Chronic and excessive worry about events that are unlikely to occur is a key characteristic of this disorder.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

MAOIs prevent the metabolism of the brain chemicals serotonin and norepinephrine by inhibiting the enzyme monoamine oxidase, making these chemicals more available for normal brain function.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Individuals with OCD are plagued by persistent, recurring thoughts or obsessions that they find very disturbing. These thoughts typically reflect exaggerated anxiety or fears that have no basis in reality.

Panic Attack

A panic attack is the actual event that commonly defines a person suffering from panic disorder.

Panic Disorder

Panic Disorder is characterized by unexpected and repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms that may include chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, or abdominal distress.

Phobias

A phobia is a fear of a particular object or situation. Social phobia is a fear of being painfully embarrassed in a social setting. And agoraphobia, which often accompanies panic disorder, is a fear of being in any situation that might provoke a panic attack, or from which escape might be difficult if one occurred. Adults with phobias realize their fears are irrational but often facing, or even thinking about facing, the feared object or situation brings on a panic attack or severe anxiety.

Psychoactive drug

A drug that has an effect on the brain and central nervous system. It can affect the way a person thinks, feels, or acts.

Psychotropic drugs

Psychotropic drugs alter a chemical imbalance in the brain, thereby affecting the overall behavior of the patient.

Relaxation techniques

Relaxation techniques, such as controlled breathing and positive visualization, are two typical methods some specialists use to help people through a panic attack.

Serotonin

A chemical in the brain that acts as a kind of messenger between nerve cells.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

Some medications that were originally approved for treatment of depression have been found to be effective for Panic Disorder. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (or SSRIs) affect the concentration of serotonin-a chemical in the brain thought to be linked to anxiety disorders.

Tricyclics

Originally used for treating depression, tricyclics are drugs that have also been used for some types of anxiety disorders. Tricyclics generally take two or three weeks to take effect.

Withdrawal

Withdrawal is related to how the body tolerates a drug and forms a physical dependence to it. After long and continuous use, the body adjusts itself so it can function normally with the presence of the drug. When use of the drug is stopped - or withdrawn - the body fails to function normally because it has adjusted to compensate for the presence of the drug, and this abnormal functioning is felt as withdrawal.

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